WHAT IS HAIR TRANSPLANT?
Hair transplantation is broadly achieved by removing grafts/follicles from the back of the head that are more resistant to hormonal changes and placing them in areas of scanty growth or baldness. There are two methods to remove the grafts – Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE).
PRE HAIR TRANSPLANT PLANNING
Even before the actual process or sessions of hair transplantation can begin, the patient needs to have sessions with the concerned surgeon to thoroughly understand the process, do’s and don’ts, expectations and his/her preferred way to go about the process.
An analysis of the patients scalp needs to be done to conclusively decide the most appropriate method to achieve optimum results for a particular patient. This includes deciding on the number of sessions required for treatment for a particular patient, ranging from a single to multiple depending on the scalp analysis.
A pre-operative folliscopy helps to identify the density of existing hair of the patient that is later used to accurately assess the post- operative results of newly transplanted hair. Some patients are advised topical minoxidil application and vitamins for better results.
More importantly, the intake of any kind of medication outside of the one prescribed for the treatment should be avoided to not affect the eventual results of the procedure. Intake of alcohol, smoking could also lead to poor grafting results.
The Hair Transplant procedure is around 6 to 8 hours long. Patients are given local anesthesia in the donor and the recipient sites. Once the anesthesia is given, patients feel no pain during the procedure. Most patients feel fine within a day or two after the surgery. Some patients may feel some numbness or soreness for few days.
It usually takes 3- 5 months before the transplanted follicles start growing new hair. The new hair that grows initially is thin and gradually becomes thicker and fuller. In eight to ten months, the transplanted hair will be completely mature and will continue to grow for a lifetime.